compression spine Fracture treatment

Interventional Spine

Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty

Minimally-invasive procedures to provide osteoporotic patients with pain relief from compression fractures caused by weak and brittle bones. Compression fractures occur as a common result of prolonged osteoporosis or the result of other disease – such as cancer. Interventional Radiologists use image guidance to restore space between collapsed vertebrae and stabilize the area with a medical grade cement mixture. Post-surgery, patients experience rapid pain relief and improved quality of life with no physical therapy or rehabilitation.

WHAT ARE SPINAL COMPRESSION FRACTURES?

Spinal compression fractures happen when a vertebra in the spine breaks down and collapses. These fractures can cause a loss of height, pain, and long-term deformity if left untreated.

SYMPTOMS OF SPINAL COMPRESSION FRACTURES

Spinal compression fractures can cause any combination of these symptoms:

  • Sharp, sudden back pain
  • Increased pain when standing and walking, and decreased pain when lying down
  • Height loss
  • Limited mobility of the spine
  • Pain symptoms that do not improve with non-surgical treatment (bed rest, back brace and/or pain medications)

RISK FACTORS FOR SPINAL COMPRESSION FRACTURES

Spinal compression fractures most often impact people with moderate to severe osteoporosis, which makes the bones weaker and easier to break. For those with osteoporosis, daily activities like showering, lifting objects, and coughing can cause damage to the spine.

People without osteoporosis can get spinal compression fractures from severe trauma, such as a sports injury or car accident, or from metastatic cancer that has spread to the spine. Those who have had one spinal compression fracture are also significantly more likely to have another.

TREATMENT FOR COMPRESSION FRACTURES: VERTEBROPLASTY OR KYPHOPLASTY

For those with osteoporosis, initial treatment often focuses on preventing future fractures by addressing the osteoporosis that caused the fracturing. Nonsurgical treatment can include bed rest, medications, and braces to give the spine a chance to heal.

If these solutions aren’t enough, there are two minimally invasive, interventional procedures available: Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty.

HOW DOES VERTEBROPLASTY AND KYPHOPLASTY WORK?

Using fluoroscopy as image guidance, our Interventional Radiologist will locate the area of the vertebral fracture. The patient will be given a mild sedative and local anesthesia will be used to numb the area where the procedure will be performed.  The Radiologist will make a small knick in the skin and guide a hollow needle, in the case of Vertebroplasty, into the fractured vertebrae and inject orthopedic cement into the fractured area. When Kyphoplasty is performed, a balloon is first threaded through the needle and used to expand the fractured area to create space for the cement. Once the area is expanded, the balloon is removed and the cement is injected into the open space. The cement will harden in approximately 20 minutes and will keep the vertebrae from compressing again. The procedure takes just about 1 hour and no hospitalization is required.

AFTER THE PROCEDURE

One of our Interventional Radiologists will interpret your results and advise you whether the procedure was a success. During a follow-up visit, your physician may discuss any additional treatment you may need or if you experience any side effects of the procedure.

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

TREATMENT FOR COMPRESSION FRACTURES: VERTEBROPLASTY OR KYPHOPLASTY

Vertebral compression fractures in the spine

Am I a Candidate for Vertebroplasty or Kyphoplasty?

  • Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty are performed when the patient is elderly or frail and has suffered a fracture with impaired healing
  • The patient has vertebral compression due to a malignant tumor
  • The patient suffers from complications due to osteoporos

Less Recovery Time Less Risk Less Pain Better Results

You’ve Been Diagnosed. What’s Next?

Schedule a consultation with one of our doctors to determine if an interventional radiology procedure is the right option for you.

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